عنوان مقاله [English]
Globalization in the field of health means the development, implementation and harmonization of the rules and technical standards of health-oriented goods, including medicine, medical equipment and cosmetics, which are linked to the obligations of international trade and domestic trade regulations. Packaging is an essential element of any export operation that affects not only the safety, but also the costs, communications and even marketing of a product. The exporter is always responsible for export packaging and must ensure that the packaging of the product is based on “Incoterms” (“International Commercial Terms”: used to separate costs and responsibilities between the seller and the buyer) and will prevent damage to the product. Due to the importance of packaging health-oriented goods to human health, the World Trade Organization, the Food and Drug Administration, and the World Standardization Organization have set specific guidelines, regulations, and standards for the packaging of goods in global trade. Research has been conducted on them. In order to define the position of packaging in the international legal system and determine the legal duties of producers; In this scientific research, first of all, the importance of packaging in international trade and the responsibilities and rights of producers and their adherence to the laws of the US Food and Drug Administration and the World Trade Organization have been discussed and compared with different countries. Improving and expanding the position of packaging in the Iranian legal system, in particular, will create a strong rule in the country's Food and Drug Administration.